Did you know there are sixty types of Mosquitoes in Oklahoma?
The most common mosquitos that Oklahomans will encounter are the yellow fever mosquito, the Asian tiger mosquito, the Eastern saltmarsh mosquito, the inland floodwater mosquito, the common malaria mosquito and the common house mosquito. Keep reading to learn more about these types of mosquitos.
THE YELLOW FEVER MOSQUITO
The yellow fever mosquito is a small to medium-sized black mosquito with white stripes on the body. This type of mosquito likes to lay eggs in small containers, so removing excess water in flower pots, clogged gutters and similar places is the best way to control this pest. Most commonly, yellow fever mosquito larvae are found in puddles that have collected in old tires.
THE ASIAN TIGER MOSQUITO
The Asian tiger mosquito also has a black body with white stripes and prefers to feed during the day, like the yellow fever mosquito. However, their larvae are most often found in containers left outside for more than a month, such as buckets. This type of mosquito is not picky—they will feed on humans, dogs, cats or birds. Because of their feeding habits, these pests are capable of transmitting dengue fever, chikungunya, West Nile virus, Eastern Equine encephalitis and Japanese encephalitis. These pests are even capable of transmitting dog heartworm to the furry members of our families.
THE EASTERN SALTMARSH MOSQUITO
The Eastern saltmarsh mosquito has light, cream-colored sides and a tan top with a black line down its back. Eastern saltmarsh mosquito larvae can develop in many different habitats, but tend to prefer containers like old tires. As their name implies, these mosquitoes also thrive in areas similar to wetlands and marshes. This is a very aggressive mosquito.
THE INLAND FLOODWATER MOSQUITO
The inland floodwater mosquito is a small, dark mosquito with bands on its legs. This pest usually lays its eggs on moist soil in a variety of habitats. As the name implies, eggs typically hatch after a flood, which can make these pests difficult to control. These pests prefer to feed on large mammals, and they can transmit the West Nile virus and dog heartworm. This type of mosquito is typically the first to emerge in the spring.
THE MALARIA MOSQUITO
The common malaria mosquito is a slender mosquito with long legs and four distinct dark patches on its wings. These pests can lay eggs in many different environments, but are most commonly found along the edges of ponds, lakes or other bodies of water near vegetation.
THE COMMON HOUSE MOSQUITO
The common house mosquito is brown with a cream-colored line on each segment of the abdomen. This mosquito usually lays its eggs in standing water in containers, so removing sources of standing water can help with the fight against these pests. The common house mosquito is capable of transmitting a number of diseases, including the West Nile virus and Eastern equine encephalitis.
You might notice a surge in mosquito activity shortly after it rains. This is because mosquitoes lay their eggs in rain water, so after rainfall, these insects get busy looking for good breeding spots. These spots might include puddles on the ground as well as bird baths, buckets, wheelbarrows, old tires or children’s toys where rainwater collected, or even piles of damp leaves.